What Cause Hair Breakage? Understanding Hair Fibre and How to Prevent Breakage.

What Cause Hair Breakage? Understanding Hair Fibre and How to Prevent Breakage.

What is Hair Fibre?

Hair fibre is a term that refers to the individual strands of hair on our heads. Each hair fibre is made up of keratin, a type of protein, and is covered by a layer of scale-like cells known as the cuticle. The strength and health of our hair depend largely on the condition of these fibres.

Causes of Hair Breakage

Hair breakage is a common issue that many people deal with. It happens when the hair fibre becomes weak and snaps, typically resulting in split ends or shorter strands of hair. There are many potential causes of hair breakage.

Over-processing hair with heat, chemicals, or color can cause damage, leading to breakage. Hair can also break due to physical stress, such as pulling it too tight or brushing it too harshly. Additionally, environmental factors like sun exposure and dry air can weaken the hair fibre. Lastly, a lack of nutrients necessary for hair health, such as protein and vitamins, can also lead to breakage.

How to Prevent Hair Breakage

Preventing hair breakage starts with proper hair care. Here are some steps you can take to keep your hair fibres strong and healthy:

  1. Minimise Heat and Chemical Exposure: Limit the use of heat-styling tools and harsh chemical treatments. If you must use them, use a heat protectant or conditioning treatment eforehand to protect your hair.
  2. Be Gentle with Your Hair:** Avoid hairstyles that pull on your hair, and use a wide-tooth comb or a brush with soft bristles to detangle your hair gently.
  3. Protect Your Hair from the Elements: Wear a hat or use an umbrella to protect your hair from sun and rain. You can also use products that add moisture to your hair, especially in dry conditions.
  4. Eat a Balanced Diet: Ensure that you're getting enough protein and vitamins in your diet. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, biotin, and vitamin E are particularly beneficial for hair health.
  5. Use a good quality shampoo & conditioner bar that focuses on maintaining hair strength & hair health by incorporating protective esters, co-polymers and proteins for optimum hair health.


Understanding the structure of hair fibre and the causes of hair breakage is the first step towards healthier hair. By taking steps to protect and nourish your hair, you can prevent breakage and maintain the strength and beauty of your hair.